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十塊木頭,十個故事.

拆解中文字

Ten Woods, Ten Stories

- Dissection of Chinese Characters
有位觀鳥的前輩喜歡研究中文字的變化,拆解以鳥為部首的中文字。谷主受到啟發後,便拆解""的變化,成為一輯"拆解中文字"的短篇文章。

是樹的形狀,有樹幹,有枝條,有根部。兩個木組成,更多的木便成。狩獵者在林中放火把野獸趕出來便是

分成半邊,左是, 代表力量;右是,代表木塊。,便是。將轉90度,便是床腳,便是床板了。

的重點放在頂端位置,是;在根部位置是;枝條重疊是。在中間 加一個圈是;加一點是

人背靠樹旁便是

樹上站著一隻短尾鳥,便是,原指過夜,當很多鳥 不約而同的在樹上過夜,便有集合的意思。 樹上倒吊一隻鳥便是, 這是偷東西者的下場。很多鳥張開口在樹上叫,便是

樹上有三枝帶葉的枝條,是; 有三枝帶果的枝條,是。在葉上加隻手,便是。 強化樹上的葉片便是

小樹形狀.字分為三部分.中間的直線代表了樹幹.一代表了枝條.八代表了根.

Shape of a tree.  The character is divided into three parts.  The central straight line represents the tree trunk.  “”is “branches”.  “” are the roots.

獨木不能成

One tree does not make a “wood”.  That’s why there are two trees in this character.

林上加木是,自然比林有更多樹木的數量.

Add another tree to the wood makes a “forest”, indicating that there are naturally more trees in a forest than in a wood.

一點加在樹根的位置.引申出根的意義.

Add a dot to the root of a tree, extending to such meanings of “fundamental” or  “foundation” or “basic”.

一點加在樹梢的位置.指事物的頂端,

Add a dot to the treetop, refers to the “tip” or the “end”.

有兩個解釋.新的"一"重覆了原本的"一",指枝葉重疊,解作枝葉茂盛.也可看作是在原有枝葉上加上短的枝葉,相比下是尚長成.

There are two definitions.  One is that the new “”repeated the original "", refers to overlapping branches, interpreted as bushy.  The other one is to add short branch on the top of the original branch, interpreted as “yet to grow”

""的古字寫法是"木"中間加上"一點"或"一個筆畫".紅的顏料是樹木中獲取的.

Its ancient character is formed by adding either a dot or a stroke in the centre of the tree ””.  “Red” pigment is obtained inside the tree.

""的古字是柴枝被一根繩子綁起來.  "口"便是指圍繞著柴枝的繩圈了.

Its ancient character looks like a bundle of sticks tied with a rope.  "" refers to the loop around the sticks.

人,倚在樹旁,成"".這個姿勢看來很舒服呢.

”is “people”,  People leaning against a tree becomes "" which means rest.   The posture looks comfy, doesn’t it?

木上有三把口,很多雀鳥在樹上張口噪叫.現代字,再多一個口,比更吵鬧.

There are three “mouths” on the “tree”, representing many birds on the tree opening their mouths to chirp and make noise.  The character we use nowadays looks like this “”, gets one more mouth than the ancient character”.  Does that mean we had quieter times in ancient days than what we have now?

"木"上的"世"是三個有葉片的枝條,"廿"是新長出的嫩芽
"木"上的"田"是三個有果的枝條
左手 邊是半邊的木,是強壯,在這裡是木塊下的支撐腳.將"牀"轉90度來看,更像一張床
"木"上是三個有"果"的枝條,以手採集
一隻短尾的雀鳥站在木頭上,原意是"過夜".夜間雀鳥不約而同在樹上過夜,便集合了.
三個"又"是三隻手,在樹上採集.古字是木上有很多的葉後期才變成手,做字時期桑樹葉片有重要性.
在森林中放火把林中動物趕出來,正是古時的狩獵習慣.

參考字形:小學中文科常用字研究

Reference:  “A Study of the Chinese Characters Recommended for Chinese Language in Primary Schools”

*translated by Mary Chung

作者: Leon Lau, 譯者: Mary Chung

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